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In this letter, we propose a new approach to the localization problem in wireless sensor networks using received-signal-strength (RSS) measurements. The problem is reformulated under the equivalent exponential transformation of the conventional path loss measurement model and the unscented transformation (UT), and is approximately approached by the maximum likelihood (ML) parameter estimation, which we refer to as the weighted least squares (WLS) approach. This formulation is used for sensor node localization in both noncooperative and cooperative scenarios. Simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the approach for both outdoor and indoor environments.
Date of Publication: May 2011