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A phenomenological model for giant magnetoresistance hysteresis in magnetic discontinuous multilayer films

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1 Author(s)
M. J. Sablik ; Southwest Res. Inst., San Antonio, TX, USA

A simple phenomenological model for giant magnetoresistance (GMR) is employed for current and field parallel (CIP) to the magnetic multilayer planes in ordinary and discontinuous multilayer films. To our knowledge, it is the first model to include hysteresis in the field (H) dependence of the GMR. The computed GMR versus H curves qualitatively reproduce the GMR hysteresis seen experimentally. In particular, two GMR peaks are found to be symmetrically placed about H=0, and the GMR hysteresis curve itself is found to have an inverted butterfly shape. Also seen in the computed results is the general increase in GMR magnitude found for annealed discontinuous multilayer films. Various parameter variations are examined in the computed results. While the model reproduces GMR hysteresis quite well and the general increase in GMR for discontinuous multilayer films, it does not, in its present form, account for the oscillations seen in the GMR when the nonmagnetic layer thicknesses are varied, which is expected as a strictly quantum mechanical result

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 3 )