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A CMOS Low-Power Transceiver With Reconfigurable Antenna Interface for Medical Implant Applications

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7 Author(s)
Copani, T. ; Dept. of Electr., Comput. & Energy Eng., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA ; Seungkee Min ; Shashidharan, S. ; Chakraborty, S.
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A low-power transceiver for medical implant communication service is presented. The device consists of three subsystems, which perform wake-up signal reception, data-link binary frequency-shift keying (BFSK) reception, and transmission, respectively. A common antenna interface is reused in the three subsystems, reducing circuit complexity and number of external components. Super-regenerative architecture is used for wake-up reception, and gm-boosted common-gate stages are used to optimize receiver (RX) performance with low power consumption. The transmitter employs an all-digital frequency-locked loop to directly drive a class AB power amplifier. The transmitter can alternatively use an injection-locked power oscillator for lower bit rates and power consumption. The integrated circuit is designed and fabricated on a 0.18-μm CMOS process. The wake-up RX achieves a -80-dBm sensitivity for a 50-kb/s signal and a 280-μW dissipation. The BFSK RX achieves a -97-dBm sensitivity for a 75-kb/s signal and a 2-mW power consumption. Finally, the transmitter achieves an output power of -5 dBm for a power consumption of 2.9 mW.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 5 )