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Microstructural evolution of triple junction and grain boundary phases of a Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet by post-sintering annealing

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5 Author(s)
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713, South Korea ; Lee, Seong-Rae ; Kim, Dong-Hwan ; Nam-Kung, Seok
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The microstructural evolution of Nd-rich grain boundary phases (GBP) in connection with triple junction phases (TJP) during post-sintering annealing (PSA) was investigated. The Cu-rich TJP in the as-sintered sample was mostly a fcc-NdO phase but the GBP were a mixture of h-Nd2O3 and Nd phases. The fcc-NdO of the TJP in the as-sintered state gradually transformed to h-Nd2O3 during the first and the second PSA steps. However, it transformed to a C-Nd2O3 phase as both a massive form such as TJP and a thin GBP after the modified second PSA step. This suggests that the mechanism for the formation of metastable C-Nd2O3 may not be solely the interface energy. In contrast, the mixture of h-Nd2O3 and Nd of the GBP in the as-sintered state gradually transformed to C-Nd2O3 which is embedded in the amorphous matrix as the PSA goes from the first to second or modified second PSA step. The formation of the C-Nd2O3 GBP with an amorphous phase is the main factor for increasing the coercivity (from 21.8 to 30.4 kOe) after the second or modified second PSA step.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:109 ,  Issue: 7 )