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Fabrication of a Novel Contactless Switch Using Eddy Current Displacement Sensor for Safer Vehicle Brake System

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6 Author(s)
Young Su Kim ; Ulsan Nat. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Ulsan, South Korea ; Yun Ho Choi ; Jung Min Lee ; Jong Sang Noh
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Conventional brake systems using a mechanical structure-based contact switch with a metal spring suffer from frequent malfunction problems over time caused by unstable con tacts stemming from loose tension of the spring, a faulty air gap, and damage to the contact point due to overcurrent from load. In this paper, a novel contactless switch for brake systems using an eddy-current displacement sensor is proposed, fabricated, and verified to have reliable performance that overcomes conventional contact switch problems. A proposed contactless switch was fabricated using automotive-grade surface-mount devices (SMDs) on both sides of an FR-4 printed circuit board for low-cost implementation. The measurement result shows a switching speed of less than 49.7 μs, on average, which is approximately ten times faster than conventional mechanical-structure-based contact switches. The overall dimension of the proposed switch is 36 mm × 26 mm × 64 mm, which can fit into most brake switch housings. The operating input voltage range is from +8 V to +22 V, with the temperature ranging from -40 °C to +85 °C, showing reliable performance under harsh environment test for automobile applications.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 4 )