Skip to Main Content
Matrix converters (MC) have some advantages when compared to conventional back-to-back pulsewidth modulation voltage-source converters. The MC may be considered more reliable and is smaller because the bulky dc capacitor is eliminated from the topology. Therefore, when MCs are used in ac-ac power conversion, the size and weight of the whole generation system is reduced. To interface a MC-based generation system to an unbalanced three-phase stand-alone load, a four-leg MC is required to provide an electrical path for the zero-sequence load current. Moreover, to compensate for the voltage drops in the output filter inductances, nonlinearities introduced by the four-step commutation method and voltage drops in the semiconductor devices, closed-loop regulation of the load voltage is required. In this paper, the design and implementation of a resonant control system for four-leg MCs is presented. The application of this control methodology when the four-leg MC is feeding, a linear/nonlinear unbalanced load is also presented in this study. High-order resonant controllers are also analyzed. Experimental results, obtained from a small prototype, are discussed.