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An Error Resilient Video Coding Scheme Using Embedded Wyner–Ziv Description With Decoder Side Non-Stationary Distortion Modeling

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5 Author(s)
Yongsheng Zhang ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai, China ; Hongkai Xiong ; Zhihai He ; Songyu Yu
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In this paper, we propose a generic error resilient video coding (ERVC) scheme using embedded Wyner-Ziv (WZ) description. At the encoder side, a joint source-channel R-D optimized mode selection (JSC-RDO-MS) algorithm with WZ-coded anchor frames is statistically studied and developed. Given a stationary first-order Markov Gaussian source, the proposed mode optimization is justified by an analysis of the RD impact on the WZ bit-rate. JSC-RDO-MS involves in the estimation of expected rate and distortion of WZ coding with the unavailable side information, and the WZ bit-rate of each coding mode is determined based on the error correction capability of the specific WZ codec. At the decoder side, an online correlation noise model between the source and the side-information is proposed with a mixture of Laplacians whose parameters are attained to reflect the coherence of the motion field of successive frames and the energy of prediction residual. Each mixture component represents the statistical distribution of prediction residuals, and the mixing coefficients represent the amount of errors in motion compensation. The proposed scheme achieves the so-called classification gain by exploiting the spatially non-stationary characteristics of the motion field and texture. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed WZ-ERVC scheme achieves a better overall RD performance than existing ERVC schemes, and the proposed modeling algorithm also significantly outperforms the conventional Laplacian model by up to 2 dB.

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 4 )