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This paper presents several important aspects of a highly integrated, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)-based digital Magnetic Induction Tomography (MIT) system for metallic object imaging applications. Excitation signal generation, receiving signal demodulation, and channel multiplexing control are all implemented inside a Xilinx FPGA (Spartan III). A novel digital demodulation method using only half of the signal cycle is proposed and implemented, which improves the operation speed of the system by two folds. A geometrical scaling relationship has been discovered for MIT sensors, and a particular design has been implemented. Two imaging reconstruction algorithms (Tikhonov Regularization and Total Variation method) are applied to experimental data. The performance of the system has been verified.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2011