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A high-power high-efficiency klystronlike relativistic backward wave oscillator with a dual-cavity extractor

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5 Author(s)
Xiao, Renzhen ; Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi’an 710024, People''s Republic of China ; Changhua Chen ; Jun Sun ; Xiaowei Zhang
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A klystronlike relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) with a dual-cavity extractor is presented. The phase of the axial electric field component Ez varies by 0° in the dual-cavity extractor, and a larger electric field appears in the second extraction cavity, in comparison with a single-cavity extractor. Such an improved field distribution is beneficial for converting modulated beam power into microwave power. The particle in cell simulation results reveal that microwaves with power of 10 GW, frequency of 4.3 GHz are generated, and conversion efficiency is 48% when diode voltage is 1.2 MV and beam current 17.3 kA.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:98 ,  Issue: 10 )