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Risk Quantification Associated With Wind Energy Intermittency in California

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3 Author(s)
George, S.O. ; GridByte, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA, USA ; George, H.B. ; Nguyen, S.V.

As compared to load demand, frequent wind energy intermittencies produce large short-term (sub 1-h to 3-h) deficits (and surpluses) in the energy supply. These intermittent deficits pose systemic and structural risks that will likely lead to energy deficits that have significant reliability implications for energy system operators and consumers. This work provides a toolset to help policy makers quantify these first-order risks. The thinking methodology/framework shows that increasing wind energy penetration significantly increases the risk of loss in California. In addition, the work presents holistic risk tables as a general innovation to help decision makers quickly grasp the full impact of risk.

Published in:

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )