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Due to excessive current densities, electromigration (EM) may trigger a permanent open- or short-circuit failure in signal wires or power networks in analog or mixed-signal circuits. As the feature size keeps shrinking, this effect becomes a key reliability concern. Hence, in this paper, we focus on wiring topology generation for avoiding EM at the routing stage. Prior works tended towards heuristics; on the contrary, we first claim this problem belongs to class P instead of class NP-hard. Our breakthrough is, via the proof of the greedy-choice property, we successfully model this problem on a multi-source multi-sink flow network and then solve it by a strongly polynomial time algorithm. Experimental results prove the effectiveness and efficiency of our algorithm.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2012