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Spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems operating at lower frequencies, such as P-band, are significantly affected by Faraday rotation (FR) effects. A novel algorithm for calibrating the circular-transmit-and-linear-receive (CTLR) mode spaceborne compact polarimetric SAR using mixed calibrators is proposed, which is able to correct precisely both FR and radar system errors (i.e., channel imbalance and crosstalk). Six sets of mixed calibrators, consisting of both passive calibrators and polarimetric active radar calibrators (PARCs), are investigated. Theoretical analysis and simulations demonstrate that the optimal calibration scheme combines four polarimetric selective mixed calibrators, including two gridded trihedrals and two PARCs, together with total-electron-content measurements by the Global Navigation Satellite System system.