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This paper presents a global task coordinate frame (TCF) (GTCF)-based integrated direct/indirect adaptive robust contouring controller for linear-motor-driven biaxial systems that achieves both stringent contouring performance and accurate parameter estimations. In contrast to the past research works those use various locally defined TCFs “attached” to the desired contour to approximately calculate the contouring error for feedback controller designs, this paper first formulates the contouring control problem using a recently developed GTCF, in which calculation of the contouring error is rather accurate and not affected by the curvature of the desired contour. A physical-model-based indirect-type parameter-estimation algorithm is then synthesized to obtain accurate online estimates of unknown physical model parameters. An integrated direct/indirect adaptive robust controller with dynamic-compensation-type fast adaptation is also constructed to preserve the excellent transient and steady-state performance of the direct adaptive robust control (ARC) designs. Comparative experimental results show that the proposed GTCF-based integrated direct/indirect ARC algorithm not only achieves the best contouring performance but also possesses rather accurate estimations of physical parameters.