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Experimental gate capacitance (Cg) versus gate voltage data for InAs0.8Sb0.2 quantum-well MOSFET (QW-MOSFET) is analyzed using a physics-based analytical model to obtain the quantum capacitance (CQ) and centroid capacitance (Ccent). The nonparabolic electronic band structure of the InAs0.8Sb0.2 QW is incorporated in the model. The effective mass extracted from Shubnikov-de Haas magnetotransport measurements is in excellent agreement with that extracted from capacitance measurements. Our analysis confirms that in the operational range of InAs0.8Sb0.2 QW-MOSFETs, quantization and nonparabolicity in the QW enhance CQ and Ccent. Our quantitative model also provides an accurate estimate of the various contributing factors toward Cg scaling in future arsenide-antimonide MOSFETs.