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The high-specification computational power of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's new supercomputer system, called Fujitsu FX1 cluster, enables us to perform really macroscale 3-D situations with full particle plasma simulation [particle-in-cell (PIC) method]. A fully 3-D kinetic approach to collisionless shock problems, which is one of the most important problems in the space plasma science, is possible, and a challenging run is being executed for a pioneering study of the topic. About 0.4 billion grids are allocated for the electromagnetic fields, and about 0.1 trillion particles are loaded into the simulation run. The computational efficiency of the PIC code is about 8% of the peak performance (4.6 Tflops) using 5776 CPU cores (57 Tflops). The simulation parameters were selected to simulate ESA's Cluster-II spacecraft observational result reported by Seki (in 2009). The full mass ratio mi/me = 1840 was taken for this simulation, and almost one ion inertia length square could be allocated for the simulation. In this simulation, a quite complicated wave activity is found in the shock foot region. In this paper, comparing 3-D results with 2-D simulation results, a 3-D nature of shock transition region of quasi-perpendicular shock is reported.
Date of Publication: April 2011