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Efficient multi-layer obstacle-avoiding preferred direction rectilinear Steiner tree construction

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2 Author(s)
Jia-Ru Chuang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan ; Jai-Ming Lin

Constructing rectilinear Steiner trees for signal nets is a very important procedure for placement and routing because we can use it to find topologies of nets and measure the design quality. However, in modern VLSI designs, pins are located in multiple routing layers, each routing layer has its own preferred direction, and there exist numerous routing obstacles incurred from IP blocks, power networks, pre-routed nets, etc, which make us need to consider multilayer obstacle-avoiding preferred direction rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (ML-OAPDRSMT) problem. This significantly increases the complexity of the problem, and an efficient and effective algorithm to deal with the problem is desired. In this paper, we propose a very simple and effective approach to deal with ML-OAPDRSMT problem. Unlike previous works usually build a spanning graph and find a spanning tree to deal with this problem, which takes a lot of time, we first determine a connection ordering for all pins, and then iteratively connect every two neighboring pins by a greedy heuristic algorithm. The experimental results show that our method has average 5.78% improvement over and at least five times speed up comparing with their approach.

Published in:

Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC), 2011 16th Asia and South Pacific

Date of Conference:

25-28 Jan. 2011