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A novel way capable of improving low-frequency performance of Vivaldi antennas is presented in this paper. Traditional Vivaldi antennas are modified via introducing the loading structure, i.e., circular-shape-load or slot-load, to match the termination. This modified antenna has been demonstrated to have the impedance bandwidth of over 25:1. It also exhibits symmetric radiation patterns in both the E- and H-plane in addition to the gain varying from 3 to 12 dBi in the measurement bandwidth of 4-50 GHz.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:59 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2011