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Automated guarded bridge for calibration of multimegohm standard resistors from 10 MΩ to 1 TΩ

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1 Author(s)
D. G. Jarrett ; Nat. Inst. of Stand. & Technol., Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The implementation of an automated guarded bridge for calibrating multimegohm standard resistors is described. A guarded multimegohm bridge has been assembled with programmable dc calibrators in two of the arms allowing multiple ratios and test voltages to be remotely selected. A programmable electrometer with a resolution of ±3 fA in the current mode is used to measure the difference in currents flowing through the remaining two arms of the bridge consisting of unknown and standard resistors. The balancing algorithm used to estimate the calibrator setting required to obtain a null is described along with a graphical user interface (GUI) that has been written to provide flexibility to the measurement system and improve control of the instrumentation. Evaluation of the multimegohm bridge from 10 MΩ to 1 TΩ is reported along with a comparison of the multimegohm bridge performance to that of the existing manual and semi-automated systems that the multimegohm bridge will replace

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 2 )