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A new class of all-fiber beam shaping devices has been realized by inverse etching the end face of single-mode and multimode fibers to form a concave cone tip. Concave tip fiber can convert a Gaussian beam profile to a flat top beam profile with a uniform intensity distribution. A flat top beam with intensity variation of approximately 5% and flat top diameter to spot diameter ratio of 67% has been achieved. This device can also change the beam shape from a Gaussian to a donut by moving the observation plane. A flat top multimode fiber beam delivery is attractive for applications which require high power and uniform intensity distribution. In single-mode fiber, concave tips could be used to reduce the beam spot size diameter, enabling efficient light coupling from a single-mode fiber to an integrated optical waveguide.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2012