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Optimization of Cooperative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio

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3 Author(s)
Tao Cui ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Feifei Gao ; Nallanathan, A.

In this paper, we consider cooperative spectrum sensing when two secondary users (SUs) collaborate via the relaying scheme. We investigate two cooperative sensing strategies, i.e., SUs exchange data information locally, and SUs relay information to a central controller. The relaying scheme at each SU is optimized via functional analysis with either the average or peak power constraints. For the local cooperative sensing strategy, the optimal relaying schemes look like amplify-and-forward (AF) in the low-signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) region and behave like decode-and-forward (DF) in the high-SNR region. The fundamental performance limit using local cooperative sensing is discussed. For the global cooperative sensing strategy, we propose both coherent and noncoherent sensing, depending on whether SUs are synchronized. In the coherent case, a decentralized approach is designed, and each SU optimizes its relaying function locally. In the noncoherent case, we use linear energy combination detector to decouple the relaying function from weight coefficient optimization. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed protocols achieve much better performance over the existing protocols.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 4 )