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Intelligent Connection Agent for Three-Phase Grid-Connected Microgrids

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6 Author(s)
Rocabert, J. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Tech. Univ. Of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain ; Azevedo, G.M.S. ; Luna, A. ; Guerrero, J.M.
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The high penetration of distributed generation power plants, based on renewable energy sources (RESs), is boosting the connection of power converters to the electrical network. This generation concept would permit to form local networks, microgrids, when the main grid falls due to any kind of contingency in the network. However, the connection and disconnection of these local networks may give rise to undesired transient overcurrents that should be avoided. In order to solve this drawback, this paper presents a method oriented to carry out a stable intentional disconnection/reconnection of local grids from the main electrical network under grid-fault conditions. This control method has been implemented in a grid-connected power converter that acts as an intelligent connection agent (ICA) and adapts its operation mode according to its connection state. The proposed control also manages the operation of a controlled switch, which is responsible of disconnecting/reconnecting the microgrid from the mains. In this paper, the behavior of the ICA under transient conditions will be discussed, and finally, its simulated and experimental performance will be shown.

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Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 10 )