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Test Pattern Generation for Multiple Aggressor Crosstalk Effects Considering Gate Leakage Loading in Presence of Gate Delays

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3 Author(s)
Alodeep Sanyal ; Synopsys, Mountain View ; Kunal Ganeshpure ; Sandip Kundu

Decreasing process geometries and increasing operating frequencies have made VLSI circuits more susceptible to signal integrity related failures. Capacitive crosstalk on long signal nets is of particular concern. A typical long net is capacitively coupled with multiple aggressors and also tend to have multiple fan-outs. Gate leakage current that originates in fan-out receivers, terminates in the driver causing a shift in driver output voltage. This effect becomes more prominent as gate oxide is scaled more aggressively. Thus, in nano-scale CMOS circuits, noise margin gets eroded by both aggressor crosstalk noise as well as gate leakage loading from fan-outs. In this paper, we present an automatic test pattern generation solution which uses 0-1 integer linear programming to maximize the cumulative voltage noise at a given victim net because of crosstalk and loading in conjunction with propagating the fault effect to an observation point. The target ISCAS benchmark circuits are assumed to have unit gate delays. Results demonstrate both the viability of a solution as well as a need to consider both sources of noise for signal integrity analysis. Pattern pairs generated by this technique are useful for both manufacturing test application as well as signal integrity verification.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )