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Radial compression studies of WS2 nanotubes in the elastic regime

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8 Author(s)
Kalfon-Cohen, Estelle ; Department of Chemical Research Support, Weizmann Institute of Science, P.O. Box 26, Rehovot 76100, Israel ; Goldbart, Ohad ; Schreiber, Roy ; Cohen, Sidney R.
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Multiwalled nanotubes and nanoparticles of metal dichalcogenides express unique mechanical and tribological characteristics. A widely studied member of this class of materials is the WS2 nanotube whose structure consists of layers of covalent W-S bonds joined by the van der Waals interactions between the sulfur layers which mediate any interlayer sliding or compression. One of the intriguing aspects of these structures is the response of these layers under mechanical stress. Such internal degrees of freedom can profoundly impact on the overall mechanical response. The fact that the internal structure of these nanotubes is well characterized enables a full treatment of the problem. Here, the authors report an experimental and modeling study of the radial mode of deformation. Three independent atomic force microscope experiments were employed to measure the nanomechanical response using both large (radius=100 nm) and small (radius=3–15 nm) probe tips. Two different analytical models were applied to analyze the results. The modulus values derived from the analytical models were used as initial input for a finite element analysis model to yield a refined value of this parameter. The obtained values compare favorably with density functional tight binding calculations. The results indicate a strong influence of interwall shear on the radial modulus.

Published in:

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 2011

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