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Coordinated multipoint or cooperative MIMO is one of the promising concepts to improve cell edge user data rate and spectral efficiency beyond what is possible with MIMOOFDM in the first versions of LTE or WiMAX. Interference can be exploited or mitigated by cooperation between sectors or different sites. Significant gains can be shown for both the uplink and downlink. A range of technical challenges were identified and partially addressed, such as backhaul traffic, synchronization and feedback design. This article also shows the principal feasibility of COMP in two field testbeds with multiple sites and different backhaul solutions between the sites. These activities have been carried out by a powerful consortium consisting of universities, chip manufacturers, equipment vendors, and network operators.