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The Delta-Phase Spectrum With Application to Voice Activity Detection and Speaker Recognition

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5 Author(s)
McCowan, I. ; Speech & Audio Res. Lab., Queensland Univ. of Technol., Brisbane, QLD, Australia ; Dean, D. ; McLaren, M. ; Vogt, R.
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For several reasons, the Fourier phase domain is less favored than the magnitude domain in signal processing and modeling of speech. To correctly analyze the phase, several factors must be considered and compensated, including the effect of the step size, windowing function and other processing parameters. Building on a review of these factors, this paper investigates a spectral representation based on the Instantaneous Frequency Deviation, but in which the step size between processing frames is used in calculating phase changes, rather than the traditional single sample interval. Reflecting these longer intervals, the term delta-phase spectrum is used to distinguish this from instantaneous derivatives. Experiments show that mel-frequency cepstral coefficients features derived from the delta-phase spectrum (termed Mel-Frequency delta-phase features) can produce broadly similar performance to equivalent magnitude domain features for both voice activity detection and speaker recognition tasks. Further, it is shown that the fusion of the magnitude and phase representations yields performance benefits over either in isolation.

Published in:

Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 7 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2011

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