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Evaluation of breakdown characteristics of CO2 gas for non-standard lightning impulse waveforms - breakdown characteristics under single-frequency oscillation waveforms of 5.3 MHz to 20.0 MHz

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3 Author(s)
Ueta, G. ; Tokyo Electr. Power Co., Yokohama, Japan ; Wada, J. ; Okabe, S.

SF6 gas, an insulation medium used for gas insulated switchgear (GIS), has a high global warming potential, hence the search for an effective alternative means from the environmental perspective. The authors are focusing on CO2 gas, which has a lower global warming potential (GWP), as one of its potential alternatives. In order to use this CO2 gas for actual GIS, the insulation characteristics for actual overvoltage waveforms generated in the field (called non-standard lightning impulse waveforms) must be obtained. For this purpose, the preceding study experimentally obtained and evaluated the insulation characteristics for relatively low frequency oscillation waveforms in disconnector switching surges generated in the actual field. In this paper, the insulation characteristics of the CO2 gas gap for higher frequency oscillation waveforms were experimentally obtained while changing the frequency and damping rate. Consequently, in the high frequency area, if the frequency was raised or the damping rate increased, the dielectric breakdown voltage tended to increase, consistently remaining higher than that for standard lightning impulse waveforms at a level of 1.08 to 1.36 times. Accordingly, it was found that the insulation specification could be rationalized by approximately 10% by converting non-standard lightning impulse waveforms to equivalent standard lightning impulse waveforms. In addition, the influence of gas pressure and gap length was examined and it emerged that the results obtained under basic experimental conditions were likely to be applicable to the conditions close to actual GIS conditions.

Published in:

Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

February 2011

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