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Visual evaluation of the length of artificially generated electrical discharges by 3D-snakes

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3 Author(s)
Gilmario B. Santos ; Santa Catarina State University (UDESC) Department of Computer Science Joinville- SC, Zip Code 89.223-100, Brazil ; Clesio L. Tozzi ; Maria C. Tavares

The secondary arc extinction is the main concern in single-phase auto reclosure (SPAR) switching studies, since it dictates whether the reclosure will be successful or not. In this context, a function that describes the arc length variation over time (l(t)) is an important information not only for dynamic response but also for the analysis of transient arc processes. Given that purely electrotechnical approach only gives a profile of the curve l(t), the application of techniques based on image analysis has been considered for obtaining such function. In this paper, a new approach based on 3D-reconstruction and the tracking of an electrical arc is proposed for performing a computer-based evaluation of variations in its length. It was applied a three-dimensional active contour named 3D-snake that is geometrically represented by a B-spline, which evolves in 3D space. This new model is much less dependent on the determination of homologous points than the ad hoc approaches found in the literature for recovering 3D geometry of electrical discharges based on image analysis. In addition, the proposal presented is capable of tracking the evolution of the electrical discharge taking into account the time dependence between consecutive pairs of frames in two videos providing the required function l(t).

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IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 1 )