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SF6 gas, an insulation medium used for gas insulated switchgear (GIS), has a high global warming potential, hence the search for an effective alternative means from the environmental perspective. One of the alternative candidates is CO2 gas, which has a lower global warming potential. In order to use this CO2 gas for actual GIS, the insulation specification must be rationalized by lowering the lightning impulse withstand voltage because the dielectric strength of CO2 gas is lower than that of SF6 gas. To lower the lightning impulse withstand voltage of GIS while maintaining the high reliability of its insulation performance, it is important to define in an organized way the insulation characteristics for non-standard lightning impulse voltage waveforms (non-standard-LIWs) that represent actual surge waveforms in the field and compare them with the characteristics for the standard lightning impulse waveform (standard-LIW) quantitatively. In this paper, with single-frequency oscillations as typical examples of non-standard-LIWs, the insulation characteristics for the CO2 gas gap were experimentally obtained while changing the frequency and damping rate. Consequently, even if the frequency and damping rate were changed, the dielectric breakdown voltage varied little, consistently remaining higher than that with standard-LIW at a level of 1.08 to 1.17 times. Accordingly, it was found that, for GIS using CO2 gas, the insulation specification could be rationalized by approximately 10% by converting non-standard-LIWs to equivalent standard-LIWs. In addition, the influence of gas pressure and gap length was examined and it emerged that the results obtained under basic experimental conditions were likely to be applicable to the conditions close to actual GIS conditions.
Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: February 2011