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Within the past few years a newer, more robust type of superconductor known as 2nd Generation High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) wire, has become available in sufficient quantity and lengths for developers to build prototype devices and test their capabilities. This new material offers the potential for revolutionary changes in superconducting transformers and Super conducting Fault Current Limiters to enable better thermal stability and fast quenching capabilities that can meet the stringent demands of large transient faults for distribution and transmission power lines. This manuscript discusses the manufacturing and latest tests and capabilities of sub-cooled superconducting fault current limiter device and modules designed for distribution and trans mission lines. We will also discuss the advantages and superior performance of the new 2nd Generation HTS superconductors under sub-cooled liquid nitrogen operation when used in super conducting fault current limiters. The feasibility demonstration and performance of sub-cooled SFCL superconducting modules for distribution and transmission SFCL devices will be discussed.
Date of Publication: June 2011