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Ultrawideband Multi-Static Scattering Analysis of Human Movement Within Buildings for the Purpose of Stand-Off Detection and Localization

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2 Author(s)
Thiel, M. ; Electr. Eng. Dept., Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Sarabandi, K.

An efficient and accurate method for the analysis of human backscatter response to ultrawideband near-field UHF radar systems is presented. The method combines a full-wave analysis of a human body model with a PO-like indoor propagation code known as “brick-tracing.” This method allows for the analysis of radar detection and tracking of humans within a realistic building environment. Using this method multi-static radar imaging of a human in buildings is evaluated and certain special features are pointed out. The simulation results are validated with actual radar measurements of a mannequin in a lab environment. A viable method for real time detection and localization of moving human inside buildings is then applied to the simulated and measured data and the building effects on the detection and localization are discussed.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 4 )