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Porous silicon (PS) is defined as a composition of a silicon skeleton permeated by a network of pores or in other word, PS is a network of silicon nanowires and nanoholes which are formed when the crystalline silicon wafers are etched electrochemically in electrolyte solution such as hydrofluoric (HF) acid . PS shows different features in comparison to the bulk silicon such as shifting of fundamental absorption edge into the short wavelength and photoluminescence visible region. The PS material possesses interesting characteristics such as larger surface to volume ratio, high-intensity of nano porous structure and low refractive index. This paper presents the synthesis and characterization of electrochemically anodized PS structures. The effect of short anodization time on the PS structures is investigated. The PS surface morphology and optical properties are characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and photoluminescence (PL) spectrometer, respectively.