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High temperature superconductor (HTS) technology enables generators with one third the weight and one half the losses of conventional machines. These technologies enable a significant reduction in the size and weight of 10 MW-class generators for direct-drive wind turbine systems and reduce the cost of clean energy relative to conventional copper and permanent-magnet-based generators and gearboxes. With compact and light-weight 10 MW-class HTS generators, installation and low maintenance operation of high power wind turbine systems becomes practical and enable cost-effective access to wind resources. Under a program funded by the NIST-Advanced Technology Program, key generator technologies for a 10 MW class generator have been developed. This paper summarizes work under the NIST and internal programs.