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A High-Efficiency PV Module-Integrated DC/DC Converter for PV Energy Harvest in FREEDM Systems

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4 Author(s)
Zhigang Liang ; Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management (FREEDM) Systems Center, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA ; Rong Guo ; Jun Li ; Alex Q. Huang

The future renewable electric energy delivery and management (FREEDM) system provides a dc interface for alternative energy sources. As a result, photovoltaic (PV) energy can be easily delivered through a dc/dc converter to the FREEDM system's dc bus. The module-integrated converter (MIC) topology is a good candidate for a PV converter designed to work with the FREEDM system. This paper compares the parallel connected dc MIC structure with its counterpart, the series connected MIC architecture. From the presented analysis, the parallel connected architecture was shown to have more advantages. In this paper, a high-efficiency dual mode resonant converter topology is proposed for parallel connected dc MICs. This new resonant converter topology can change resonant modes adaptively depending on the panel operation conditions. The converter achieves zero-voltage switching for primary-side switches and zero-current switching for secondary-side diodes for both resonant modes. The circulation energy is minimized particularly for 5-50% of the rated power level. Thus, the converter can maintain a high efficiency for a wide input range at different output power levels. This study explains the operation principle of the proposed converter and presents a dc gain analysis based on the fundamental harmonic analysis method. A 240-W prototype with an embedded maximum power point tracking controller was built to evaluate the performance of the proposed converter. The prototype's maximum efficiency reaches 96.5% and an efficiency increase of more than 10% under light load conditions is shown when compared with a conventional LLC resonant converter.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 3 )