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A novel transparent Al-doped ZnO (AZO)-gated Al0.2Ga0.8As/In0.2Ga0.8As pseudomorphic high-electron mobility transistor (pHEMT) has been comprehensively investigated. The proposed AZO-gated pHEMT has demonstrated superior temperature-dependent performance, including two-terminal gate-drain breakdown/turn-on voltages of - 63/3.4 (-56.4/3.4) V, an intrinsic voltage gain AV of 257 (176), and a gate voltage swing of 1.18 (1.13) V at 300 (450) K. An excellent thermal threshold coefficient ∂Vth/ΘT of -1.8 mV/K was also obtained. A conventional Au-gated device with the same gate dimensions of 1 × 100 μm2 was also fabricated in comparison. In addition, high optical transmittance values of 82%-98% for incident energy values of 1.24-3.54 eV are achieved in the AZO film. The present AZO-gated HEMT has demonstrated three-terminal tunable optical responsivity due to a photovoltaic effect. Photosensing characteristics under different radiation wavelengths of white light, red light (632 nm), and near infrared (980 nm) are also studied.
Date of Publication: March 2011