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Reduced Conductivity Dependence Method for Increase of Dipole Localization Accuracy in the EEG Inverse Problem

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4 Author(s)
Bertrand Russel Yitembe ; Department of Mathematical Analysis , Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ; Guillaume Crevecoeur ; Roger Van Keer ; Luc Dupre

The EEG is a neurological diagnostic tool with high temporal resolution. However, when solving the EEG inverse problem, its localization accuracy is limited because of noise in measurements and available uncertainties of the conductivity value in the forward model evaluations. This paper proposes the reduced conductivity dependence (RCD) method for decreasing the localization error in EEG source analysis by limiting the propagation of the uncertain conductivity values to the solutions of the inverse problem. We redefine the traditional EEG cost function, and in contrast to previous approaches, we introduce a selection procedure of the EEG potentials. The selected potentials are, as low as possible, affected by the uncertainties of the conductivity when solving the inverse problem. We validate the methodology on the widely used three-shell spherical head model with a single electrical dipole and multiple dipoles as source model. The proposed RCD method enhances the source localization accuracy with a factor ranging between 2 and 4, dependent on the dipole location and the noise in measurements.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 5 )