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With the development of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission, the impact of DC system on AC relay protection becomes more prominent. So it becomes more important to research electrical characteristics of AC system under DC faults. In PSCAD/EMTDC environment, the inverter commutation failure resulted from short circuit faults in AC line is simulated based on the electromagnetic transient model of Shandong grid containing Ningdong-Shandong DC transmission system. Prony algorithm is applied to analyze the electrical transient characteristics of AC system during commutation failure. The coincidence of fitted waveform and simulated waveform verified the validity of prony algorithm. Prony analysis results show that DC system injects a large number of inter-harmonic components into the inverter side AC system during commutation failure, and the distortion of the parallel line current is more serious than that of the fault line current, so the impact of DC system on the AC relay protection devices equipped on the parallel line is greater.