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Data Editing Techniques to Allow the Application of Distance-Based Outlier Detection to Streams

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3 Author(s)
Niennattrakul, V. ; Dept. of Comput. Eng., Chulalongkorn Univ., Bangkok, Thailand ; Keogh, E. ; Ratanamahatana, C.A.

The problem of finding outliers in data has broad applications in areas as diverse as data cleaning, fraud detection, network monitoring, invasive species monitoring, etc. While there are dozens of techniques that have been proposed to solve this problem for static data collections, very simple distance-based outlier detection methods are known to be competitive or superior to more complex methods. However, distance-based methods have time and space complexities that make them impractical for streaming data and/or resource limited sensors. In this work, we show that simple data-editing techniques can make distance-based outlier detection practical for very fast streams and resource limited sensors. Our technique generalizes to produce two algorithms, which, relative to the original algorithm, can guarantee to produce no false positives, or guarantee to produce no false negatives. Our methods are independent of both data type and distance measure, and are thus broadly applicable.

Published in:

Data Mining (ICDM), 2010 IEEE 10th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

13-17 Dec. 2010