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Power Transformer Differential Protection Based on Clarke's Transform and Fuzzy Systems

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4 Author(s)
Barbosa, D. ; Salvador Univ., Salvador, Brazil ; Netto, U.C. ; Coury, D.V. ; Oleskovicz, M.

The power transformer is a piece of electrical equipment that needs continuous monitoring and fast protection since it is very expensive and an essential element for a power system to perform effectively. The most common protection technique used is the percentage differential logic, which provides discrimination between an internal fault and different operating conditions. Unfortunately, there are some operating conditions of power transformers that can affect the protection behavior and the power system stability. This paper proposes the development of a new algorithm to improve the differential protection performance by using fuzzy logic and Clarke's transform. An electrical power system was modeled using Alternative Transients Program (ATP) software to obtain the operational conditions and fault situations needed to test the algorithm developed. The results were compared to a commercial relay for validation, showing the advantages of the new method.

Published in:

Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )