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Gas concentration detection using ultrasonic based on wireless sensor networks

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4 Author(s)
Shan Minglei ; Department of Computer & Information, Hohai University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment Technology, Changzhou, China ; Li Xiang ; Zhu Changping ; Zhang Jiahua

In this article, a low power consumption wireless sensor for binary gas mixtures real-time quantitative analysis is presented. This small size wireless gas sensor, which is developed based on an improved time-of-flight (TOF) method, can evaluate target gas in gas mixtures with high resolution. And the wireless sensor network system reduce power consumption using a power control IEEE802.15.4 standard, which can provide an effective mechanism for improving energy efficiency by decreasing the transmitting power directly. In contrast with some other gas analysis techniques, it avoids the problem of the secondary pollution and the short sensor life of using chemic sensor, and the high power consumption problem of traditional TOF methods, makes ultrasonic wireless gas sensor available. Currently, this gas quantitative analysis system consists of several Wireless Ultrasonic Gas Sensor nodes (WUGS) and a master node. The WUGS hardware consists of a microcontroller for obtaining measuring data from the ultrasonic channel, and a Zigbee transceiver for transmitting the data sets to a master sensor node. Furthermore, an environmental monitoring chamber was designed for testing this WUGS using sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and hydrogen (H2) mixed with air respectively. The resolutions of the tests were within 30µV/V and 500µV/V, respectively. The power cost of the WUGS during the detection period is lower than 90mW. The main advantages of this gas concentration measurement are high accuracy to the gas of which molecular weight is different largely from air, low power consumption and ease of network setup. The sensors have shown good stability for more than three months in a high-voltage substation, for an SF6 leak alarm system test.

Published in:

Information Science and Engineering (ICISE), 2010 2nd International Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-6 Dec. 2010