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KNN/BNT composite lead-free films for high-frequency ultrasonic transducer applications

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6 Author(s)
Sien Ting Lau ; Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Hong Fen Ji ; Xiang Li ; Wei Ren
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Lead-free K0.5Na0.5NbO3/Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (KNN/ BNT) films have been fabricated by a composite sol-gel technique. Crystalline KNN fine powder was dispersed in the BNT precursor solution to form a composite slurry which was then spin-coated onto a platinum-buffered Si substrate. Repeated layering and vacuum infiltration were applied to produce 5-μm-thick dense composite film. By optimizing the sintering temperature, the films exhibited good dielectric and ferroelectric properties comparable to PZT films. A 193-MHz high-frequency ultrasonic transducer fabricated from this composite film showed a -6-dB bandwidth of approximately 34%. A tungsten wire phantom was imaged to demonstrate the capability of the transducer.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 1 )