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The authors demonstrate the generation of a highly coherent multicarrier signal that consists of eight clearly resolved 10.7-GHz coherent sidebands generated within 3 dB of the spectral envelope peak and with an extinction ratio in excess of 45 dB by gain switching a discrete mode (DM) laser. The generated spectral comb displays a corresponding picosecond pulse train at a repetition rate of 10.7 GHz with a pulse duration of 24 ps and a temporal jitter of ~450 fs. The optical spectra and associated pulses of the gain-switched DM laser are subsequently compared with a gain-switched distributed feedback (DFB) laser that generates a spectrum with no discernible sidebands and corresponding pulses with ~3 ps of temporal jitter. By means of external injection, the temporal jitter of the gain-switched DFB laser is then reduced to <; 1 ps, resulting in visible tones on the output spectrum. Finally, a nonlinear scheme is employed and initially tailored to compress the optical pulses, after which, the setup is slightly altered to expand the original frequency comb from the gain-switched DM laser.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2011