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A technique to significantly reduce the mutual coupling between closely spaced antennas operating at the same frequency band is presented. The method comprises the use of two ground-plane side walls that are erected vertically next to adjacent antennas. The side walls are defected with a lattice pattern of slots to form a defected wall structure (DWS). In addition, the adjacent antennas sharing a common ground plane are separated with a pair of slits in the ground plane. This technique implemented on closely packed antenna suppresses surface waves in the antenna's operation band and can provide isolation of 56'dB, which was achieved with a DWS loaded with mushroom-shape slots separating two microstrip patch antennas. In this case, the inter-antenna spacing (centre to centre) is 0.272'o and ground-plane size is 0.606 × 0.370 ×o2. Also investigated is the number of DWS slot loadings on isolation between adjacent antennas. Furthermore, the proposed technique is shown to substantially reduce mutual coupling between planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs) and monopoles. The measured results validate the proposed technique and vindicate the simulation results.
Date of Publication: January 12 2011