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Low-power design by hazard filtering

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1 Author(s)
Agrawal, V.D. ; AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA

Before signals of a digital circuit reach steady state, gates can have multiple transitions. Since the power is dissipated in a CMOS circuit mainly due to transitions, the extra transitions increase power consumption. These transitions are the hazard pulses generated by a logic gate when signals arrive by paths of varying delays. The maximum width of a hazard pulse produced by a gate is the maximum difference between the delays of incident paths, which is generally much smaller than the clock period. We propose suppression of hazard pulses by increasing the delays of gates where hazards could have been generated. Thus, a hazard filtering gate has a delay which is at least as much as the differential delay of its input paths. We give examples to illustrate the novel technique and also indicate that the overall reduction in the circuit speed may not be too much with proper sizing of transistors, while there can be a significant reduction in power consumption

Published in:

VLSI Design, 1997. Proceedings., Tenth International Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-7 Jan 1997

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