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Electrical study of trapped charges in nanoscale Ge islands by Kelvin probe force microscopy for nonvolatile memory applications

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4 Author(s)
Lin, Z. ; Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon, INL, UMR 5270, CNRS–Université de Lyon–Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, Bât. Blaise Pascal, 20 avenue Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France ; Brunkov, P. ; Bassani, F. ; Bremond, G.

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Isolated Germanium nanoisland on top of silicon dioxide (SiO2) layer has been studied by Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) at room temperature. Different surface potentials between Ge island and SiO2 dielectric layer were directly visualized from the KPFM image. The image contrast greatly increased after electron injection by applying a negative bias of -7 V. The dissipation of injected electrons was evaluated by measuring the surface potential variation due to the leakage of these injected charges. The long retention time of local charges in Ge dot is promising for applications in nonvolatile memories.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:97 ,  Issue: 26 )