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Determination of bandgap narrowing and parasitic energy barriers in SiGe HBT's integrated in a bipolar technology

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6 Author(s)

This paper describes a method for characterizing the bandgap narrowing and parasitic energy barrier in SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs), fabricated using a single-polysilicon self-aligned bipolar process. From a comprehensive study of the temperature dependence of the collector current, the bandgap narrowing in the base due to germanium has been dissociated from that due to the heavy dopant concentration. The same approach has been used to characterize the height and width of parasitic energy barriers which appear when boron out-diffusion from the SiGe base is present. The method has been applied to SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistors fabricated using a single polysilicon, self-aligned, bipolar process, as well as mesa transistors. The experimental results show that small geometry transistors have degraded collector currents due to boron out-diffusion around the perimeter of the emitter. This behavior has been explained by accelerated boron diffusion due to point defects generated during the extrinsic base implant. The values of undoped SiGe spacer thickness needed to suppress the parasitic energy barrier are described. Finally, high-frequency results are reported, which correlate the frequency transition to these parasitic energy barriers

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 5 )