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Coverage is a broad research area in wireless sensor networks. In order to maximize network lifetime for target coverage, we study the target coverage problem with multiple sensing ranges, which has been proved NP-complete. For CGH algorithm that introduces many redundant sensors in each round, we propose an Energy-efficient Centralized Greedy and Heuristic algorithm (ECGH), which introduces a concept of “remote target”, and adopts a scheme, where sensors that can cover the “remote target” are selected with a high priority. ECGH algorithm depends on global information, so we propose an Energy-efficient Distributed and Localized Greedy Heuristic algorithm (EDLGH). Different from DLGH algorithm, EDLGH algorithm schedules sensors in a more energy-efficient way. Besides, an efficient schema for eliminating redundant sensors is also proposed in the EDLGH algorithm. Finally, we study the performance of ECGH and EDLGH by comparing them with existing CGH and DLGH algorithms. Simulation results show that network lifetime of ECGH and EDLGH outperform 7.9%-10.2% and almost 100% than those of CGH and DLGH, respectively.
MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE, 2010 - MILCOM 2010
Date of Conference: Oct. 31 2010-Nov. 3 2010