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Statistical process control application to weld process

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4 Author(s)
Cook, G.E. ; Sch. of Eng., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA ; Maxwell, J.E. ; Barnett, R.J. ; Strauss, A.M.

A statistical weld process monitoring system is described. Using data collected while welding, the welding statistical process control (SPC) tool provides weld process quality control by implementing techniques of data trending analysis, tolerance analysis, and sequential analysis. The SPC system computes the mean, standard deviation, and range of each of the parameters sampled by the data collection system. Changes in the mean, standard deviation, and range are displayed using control (or trend) charts. The control chart displays a function of a parameter with respect to the ordering of the weld records (for a single weld) or weld number (for multiple welds). The SPC tool also permits plotting tolerance charts of the mean, standard deviation, and range for each of the sampled parameters. The tolerance chart is plotted versus the record number (or weld number) and consists of a vertical line for each record (or weld number) showing the minimum and maximum value of that parameter for that record (or weld number). The upper control limit (UCL), lower control limit (LCL), and nominal value may also be displayed on the tolerance chart printout. The SPC also performs sequential analysis, which allows the user to examine the process as it goes along, which in turn may permit the user to locate a possible change in the process before it goes out of control. Work directed toward developing an expert interpreter of the voluminous statistical output generated by the SPC is also described

Published in:

Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 2 )