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A new method to reduce the unwanted reflection effects in antenna measurements is presented. The proposed method can be applied to measurements performed in semi-anechoic chambers, outdoor systems or even anechoic environments with a poor reflectivity level to remove reflected components and to retrieve the results one would obtain in an ideal anechoic chamber. The method is based on spatial filtering over the plane where the antenna under test (AUT) is placed. To calculate the field in this plane, a diagnostic technique is employed. However, in contrast to classic application (error source identification), the reconstructed field has to be obtained in a zone larger than the antenna dimensions. Thus, it is possible to identify virtual sources out of the antenna aperture, which appear due to the presence of reflections (image theory). Then, by cancelling the virtual and unwanted sources, the related reflected components can be suppressed. Finally, by employing this filtered reconstructed field, a new radiation pattern similar to the one obtained in a fully anechoic environment is calculated. To verify the effectiveness of the method, three examples are presented.
Date of Publication: March 2011