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Through-Wall Opportunistic Sensing System Utilizing a Low-Cost Flat-Panel Array

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3 Author(s)
Kenneth E. Browne ; ElectroScience Lab., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA ; Robert J. Burkholder ; John L. Volakis

A UWB through-wall imaging system is proposed based on a planar low profile aperture array operating from 0.9 GHz to 2.3 GHz. The goal is to provide a lightweight, fixed array to serve as an alternative to synthetic aperture radars (SAR) that require continuous array movement while collecting data. The proposed system consists of 12 dual-linear printed elements arranged within a triangular lattice, each forming a “flower” shape and backed by a ground plane. The array delivers half-space radiation with wideband performance, necessary for imaging applications. UWB capability is realized by suppressing grating lobes via the introduction of virtual phase centers interwoven within the actual array feeds. The proposed system is demonstrated for through-wall imaging via a non-coherent process. Distinctively, several coherent images are forged from various fixed aperture locations (referred to as “snapshot” locations) and appropriately combined to create a composite scene image. In addition to providing a unique wideband imaging capability (as an alternative to SAR), the system is portable and inexpensive for collecting/storing scattering data. The array design and data collection system is described, and several through-wall images are presented to demonstrate functionality.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 3 )