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Highly Ordered FePt L1_{0} Thin Films With Small Grains on RuAl Seed Layers

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4 Author(s)
En Yang$^{1}$ Materials Science and Engineering Department, Data Storage Systems Center,, Carnegie Mellon University,, Pittsburgh,, PA, USA ; Sutatch Ratanaphan ; David E. Laughlin ; Jian-Gang Zhu

We present an experimental approach for obtaining highly ordered L10 FePt-oxide thin film media with small grains by using a RuAl layer as a grain size defining underlayer. In most previous studies, the FePt grain size was controlled by tuning the oxide volume fraction of the film. By introducing the RuAl grain size defining layer, 6 nm of FePt grains can be obtained at 520°C with 9% SiO2 in the film. A 5 nm thin barrier layer was introduced between FePt and RuAl to prevent the inter-diffusion between RuAl and FePt. The influence of different barrier layers was studied. With a thin Ag sacrificial layer inserted between the barrier layer and the FePt magnetic layer, a smaller grain size can be achieved, the ordering temperature was lowered, and the (001) texture of FePt was enhanced.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 1 )